Bricks can be used to make walls or to pave horizontal surfaces. In wall building structural considerations are often important. In pavements and non-loadbearing walls aesthetics drives pattern making. Common patterns in walls and pavements, using standard 2 by 3 by 6 bricks, are illustrated here.

Basic terminology:

  • Stretcher:  A brick placed so its 2 by 6 face is exposed
  • Header: A brick placed so its 2 by 3 face is exposed
  • Stretcher Bond: Bricks laid so only stretchers are seen.
  • Flemish Bond: Bricks laid with each row or course alternating stretchers and headers.
  • English Bond: Bricks laid with courses of headers alternating with courses of stretchers.

Brick Patterns Used in Walls

Description Illustration
Running
or Stretcher Bond:
A pattern made using only stretchers, with the joins in each row (or course) centred on the bricks in the row below.  Not structurally strong or aesthetically interesting, but very very common.  Often used for curtain walls one brick thick. Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry
cmm.
    Running or Stretcher Bond
Raking Stretcher Bond
Like Running Bond, but instead of the overlap between bricks being half a brick, it is less, usually a third or a fourth of a brick. Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry p2.
 

Raking Stretcher Bond
Flemish Stretcher Bond
Like Running Bond, but with single rows of Flemish Bond (alternating headers and stretchers) every rows.   
Flemish Stretcher Bond
Mixed Garden Bond
Like Flemish Stretcher
Bond, but with the single rows of
Flemish Bond arranged so that the headers are not above each
other.   
 

 

Please contribute to this web site by sending me a photograph of this pattern.  Credit will be given..  <wojtek@europaving.com>
Common Bond or American Bond or English Garden Wall:

A pattern made like Running Bond but with a row of headers replacing every nth course (is usually odd).  The headers are centred on the headers in the
row of headers below.  Strong.
Common Bond or American Bond or English Garden Wall:
Header Bond:

A pattern made like Running Bond but headers instead of stretchers.

 

Header Bond:
Stack Bond:
A pattern made up of rows of stretchers with each stretcher centered on the stretcher below it. All joins run vertically down the entire wall. Not a strong bond at all, it is used only for decorative purposes.  Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry pmm.
Stack Bond
Flemish Bond:
A pattern made using alternating stretchers and headers, with the headers of each row centered on the stretchers of the row below. Very strong.  Used for walls two bricks thick. Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry cmm. 
Flemish Bond
Monk Bond
A variant of Flemish Bond, with two stretchers between the headers in each row, and the headers centred over the join between the two stretchers in the row below.
 Monk Bond
Flemish Garden Wall Bond
A variant of Flemish Bond, with three stretchers between each header, and the header centred over the stretcher in the middle of a group of three in the row below.
 

Flemish Garden Wall Bond

Dutch Bond (Note that English Cross Bond issometimes called Dutch Bond as well)
A variant of Flemish Bond, with the headers not centered above the stretchers of the row below. Instead the headers are nearly above each other, shifted over by half their width.
Please contribute to this web site by sending me a photograph of this pattern.  Credit will be given.  <wojtek@europaving.com>
English Bond:
A pattern in which rows of stretchers alternate with rows of headers. The joins between the stretchers are centered on the headers in the row below.  All the stretchers are centered above the stretchers below, and all the headers are centered on the headers below.
English Bond:
English Cross Bond (sometimes called Dutch Bond, but different from the Dutch Bond described above):
A pattern similar to English Bond, in which rows of stretchers alternate with rows of headers. It is different in that the stretchers are centered on the joins
between the stretchers immediately below them, so that alternating rows of stretchers are aligned. 
English Cross Bond
Double English Cross Bond
A pattern similar to English Cross Bond, but with two rows of stretchers alternating with two rows of headers. Where a row of headers is above or below a row of stretchers the stretchers are centered on the headers. Where a row of stretchers is above or below a row of stretchers, one row is shifted over by one fourth the width of a stretcher. Where a row of headers is above or below a row of headers, one row is shifted over by one half the width of a header. Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry p2.  

 

Please contribute to this web site by sending me a photograph of this pattern.  Credit will be given..  <wojtek@europaving.com>
Please contribute to
this web site by suggesting additional
patterns  <wojtek@europaving.com> – Brick Pavers Chicago
 

Brick Patterns

Used in Pavements

Description Illustration

Herringbone: 

A pattern composed of diagonal rows of bricks, alternating direction. Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry pgg. Herringbone is sometimes used in “nogging” in timber frame buildings.
Herringbone:
 Basket weave:

A pattern made up of pairs of bricks placed in a square
grid so that the join between each pair is perpendicular to the join of the
four pairs around it. Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry p4g.
(Thanks to Juli Bruno for editing this image)
Basket weave
Pinwheel

A pattern made of four bricks surrounding a square half brick, repeated in a square grid. Mathematically this pattern displays the symmetry p4.

Please contribute to this web site by sending me a photograph of this pattern.  Credit will be given. <wojtek@europaving.com>
De LaRobia or Della Robbia Weave
A pattern made of four
bricks surrounding a square eighth
brick, resembling woven cloth. Mathematically this pattern displays the
symmetry p4g.
De LaRobia
De LaRobia or Della Robbia Weave
Broken Basket Weave

This pattern was contributed by Josh L. Link who came up with it independently, and who calls it “Broken Basket Weave”. He was inspired by Della Robbia. He wrote “If you know what the correct name of [this] bond … I would like to
know. Until someone corrects me on the name I am claiming it for my
own. But with all of the genius craftsmen from the past I would say I
am guilty of wishful thinking.”
Broken Basket Weave
Please contribute to
this web site by suggesting additional
patterns    <wojtek@europaving.com>